Age and family history are a risk for CVD but most of the other causes can be controlled:
Smoking raises bad and lowers good cholesterol, changes the action of insulin and blood sugar, damages blood vessel linings, increases heart rate and blood pressure, twenty cigarettes a day increases CVD risk 6 times in women and 3 times in men.
Blood pressure of 140/90 or greater can cause small tears in blood vessels
High total cholesterol-fatty, cholesterol deposits can begin in the teen years
Low HDL (good cholesterol) High LDL (bad cholesterol) and high triglycerides
Diabetes-CVD is the main cause of death
Being overweight or obese
Waist size of 40″ or more for men and 35″ or more for women
Little or no exercise
A poor diet high in fat, sugar and calories
Depression, stress and anger
Source: UH (University Hospital) Medical Center 2018
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