6 ways to lower your risk of kidney disease:

Lose (or don’t gain) excess weight

Minimize sodium and sugar (sucrose and fructose)

Fill half your plate with vegetables or fruit

Exercise for 30 to 60 minutes a day

If necessary, take medicine to lower your blood pressure and blood sugar

Eat a diet based on the OmniHeart and DASH studies (see Nutrition Action, Oct. 2009, cover story) Some features of 2,000-calorie diet:

2 servings of low-fat dairy (milk, yogurt, or cheese)

1 small serving of fish, poultry, or lean meat

 

If you’ve had a kidney stone, also:

Drink at least 8 cups of water or other (not sugar-sweetened) beverages a day.

If you take a calcium supplement, take it with food

Limit high-oxalate foods

Source: Nutrition Action Health Letter March 2014