If you’ve ever had a kidney stone, odds are you won’t forget how much it hurt.
After tracking roughly 192,000 people for about 11 years, researchers came up with five factors that account for half the risk of a first stone.
Fluids: People who drank less than a liter (four cups) a day had a 75 to 86 percent higher risk.
Weight: The risk was 44 to 80 percent higher in the obese and 26 to 40 percent higher in the overweight.
Sugary drinks. People who drank at least one drink a day had a 31 to 51 percent higher risk.
DASH diet: People who ate the fewest vegetables, fruits, low-fat dairy, nuts, and beans and the most red or processed meat, sweets, sugary drinks, and salt had a 37 to 53 percent higher risk.
Calcium: People who got the least calcium from their food (not supplements) had a 18 to 27 percent higher risk.
What to do: Keep drinks unsweetened, limit calories, and eat a (calcium-rich) DASH diet.
Source: Nutrition Action Health Letter October 2017
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