Americans live shorter lives than people in most other high-income countries.
What could lengthen lives?
Researchers tracked roughly 123,000 U.S. men and women for 30 years. Then they identified five “low-risk life-style factors”: never smoking, normal body weight, more than 30 minutes of moderate or vigorous exercise a day, moderate alcohol intake, and a healthy diet (high in vegetables, fruit, nuts, whole grains, polyunsaturated fats, and omega-3 fats and low in red and processed meats, sugar-sweetened beverages, trans fat, and sodium).
At age 50, someone with all five factors could expect to live 43 more years (women) or 38 more years (men)). A 50 year old with none of the factors could expect to live only 29 more years (women) or 26 more years (men).
What to do: Although this kind of study can’t prove cause and effect, shoot for a low-risk lifestyle to hedge your bets.
Source: Nutrition Action Health Letter June 2018 Circulation 2018. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.17.032047.
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