The test: This blood test measures prostate specific antigen (PSA), a protein made by the prostate gland, and is sometime used to detect prostate cancer.
Who should have it: It’s most useful for monitoring men with prostate cancer. If you have risk factors, such as a family history of the disease or you’re African American, your doctor may recommend it at age 45.
Who can skip it: Many doctors used to encourage it for men age 50 and older. But the American Urological Association and the American Cancer Society (ACS) now generally recommend that they consider it only after talking with a doctor. A high PSA is often due to noncancerous conditions, such as an enlarged prostate gland or recent sexual activity, but it may lead to a biopsy anyway. That can cause short-term complications such as bleeding and urinary problems, sys Richard Wender, M.D., of the ACS.
Source: Consumer Reports on Health October 2017
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