Cholesterol is a soft, waxy fat needed for good health. The liver makes all the body needs. People with high total cholesterol levels have a higher risk of heart attacks and strokes. A good level is less than 180 mg/dl.
HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) is called the “good” cholesterol, it helps to remove bad fats from the blood. A good level is 60 mg/dl or above, below 40 mg/dl rises the risk of CVD
LDL (LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) is called the “bad” cholesterol. LDL is part of the sticky fat that clogs blood vessels called plaque. A good level is less than 100 mg/dl. If a person is at risk for CVD 70 mg/dl is even better.
As plague lines blood vessel they become less flexible and hard, “hardening of the arteries”. Blood pressure rises leading to increased risk of heart attack and heart failure.
Damage to blood vessels from smoking, high blood pressure, high blood sugar and plaque stops the flow of blood and oxygen and causes damage to blood vessels throughout the body. Triglycerides are another bad fat made by the body from extra calories, alcohol and high sugar/saturated fat foods. A good level is below 100 mg/dl.
Source: UH Elyria Medical Center University Hospital Your Heart, Your Health; A Guide for All 2018
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